According to the Molesworth article, Zambia received the following stories that have missing episodes:
Marco Polo (7 episodes missing) The Reign of Terror (2 episodes missing) The Crusade - Sent 10/66 (2 episodes missing) Galaxy 4 (4 episodes missing) The Myth Makers (4 episodes missing) The Massacre (4 episodes missing) The Celestial Toymaker (3 episodes missing) The Savages (4 episodes missing) The Smugglers (4 episodes missing) The Highlanders (4 episodes missing) The Underwater Menace - Sent 03/70 (3 episodes missing) The Moonbase - Sent 03/70 (2 episodes missing) The Macra Terror (4 episodes missing) The Faceless Ones - 03/70 (4 episodes missing, one episode damaged) The Abominable Snowmen (5 episodes missing) The Ice Warriors (2 episodes missing) The Enemy of the World - Sent 10/74 (5 episodes missing) The Web of Fear - Sent 10/73 (5 episodes missing) The Space Pirates (5 episodes missing)
Thus, 73 missing episodes plus 'The Faceless Ones' Part 3, which only exists as a damaged print in the archives currently, were sent to Zambia up to the mid-1970s.
There could therefore be (in theory) 74 different possible Doctor Who recoveries if there just happens to be any Doctor Who footage among the large number of uncatelogued, vinegar-damaged 16mm film prints in the ZNBC archive.
The recent response at the link given in the above posting seems to imply that the 5 to 10 thousand boxes of 16mm prints described in 2003 are still there today and still decaying away. It is very difficult to know exactly what the situation is.
However, that the prints are said to suffer from advanced vinegar syndrome may be an indication that these are not extremely recent prints. If they are older prints, there may be some Doctor Who episodes among them. We have no way of knowing without going and checking. It appears these prints have not be examined in ages.
Zambia appears to have received every story that was sent to African nations that now has missing episodes, with the exception of 'The Wheel in Space.' Nigeria was apparently the only African nation to purchase that story.
It seems useful to follow up on this situation soon in some fashion. Perhaps FIAT could help. That organization is committed to the rescue of endangered television archives. It is seen not simply as a matter of profit, but also as an important step in preserving cultural heritage for future generations.
I find this line from the response very interesting...
"The materials in question have not been used for decades due to lack of appropriate equipment. We are currently vigorously trying to source funds for purchase or hire of required playback/dubbing facilities to enable us migrate the materials from old formats to the current."
Where else might we hope to find a crucial stack of 74 16mm prints of Doctor Who episodes, but in some distant archive in which "materials ... have not been used for decades" and in which "materials from old formats" need to be migrated to more current formats? Should not these old materials, left unexamined for decades, be examined immediately?
As someone posted at Ian Levine's forum recently, with a bit of luck, we could soon be saying "There will always be 35 missing episodes of Doctor Who!"
Here are the nations that I think are the best bets were for finding various Hartnell and Troughton episodes in Africa.
It seems to me that Ethiopia might be the final country where missing Season 1 & 2 Hartnell episodes were bicycled (Marco Polo, Reign of Terror, and Crusade).
Season 3 Hartnell were sent to Zambia and Sierra Leone and it is likely that one nation bicycled the episodes to the other.
Season 4 Troughton were sent to Zambia and Uganda and (again) it is likely that one nation bicycled the episodes to the other.
Season 5 Troughton were sent to Zambia and Nigeria and (again) it is likely that one nation bicycled the episodes to the other, with the exception of Ice Warriors (only purchased by Zambia) and Wheel in Space (only purchased by Nigeria).
The Season 6 Troughton story Space Pirates was also purchased by Zambia.
The Hartnell stories with missing episodes that were apparently not sent to Africa are: Mission to the Unknown, Daleks' Masterplan, and Tenth Planet.
The Troughton stories with missing episodes that were apparently not sent to Africa are: Power of the Daleks, Evil of the Daleks, Fury from the Deep, and The Invasion.
In short... Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Nigeria, and (above all) Zambia!
Africa Progress « Thread Started on Aug 2, 2007, 2:59pm » Hello all.
After several months of background research by myself and others, there is now progress in establishing whether there are any BBC tv programmes in the archives of certain specific African stations.
I'm afraid though that I can't reveal more information than that at this stage, nor which countries are involved, but communication lines are now established and an exchange of information taking place.
As soon as any new information appears I'll let you know.
The BBC is searching for lost episodes of classic television shows, including Doctor Who. Currently 106 episodes of Doctor Who are missing from the BBC archives. At least 75 of the 106 missing episodes were sent to Africa in the early 1970s as 16mm film recordings.
At least 71 of the 106 missing episodes were sent to Zambia specifically.
You can see the full list of missing episodes of Doctor Who (as well as missing episodes from other British TV shows such as Adam Adamant Lives, A for Andromeda, etc.) at:
If you think you may have a missing episode as a 16mm print or a copy in another format (8mm off-air or videotape), or have any information about these episodes, please contact the BBC by sending an email to:
LIST OF MISSING EPISODES SENT TO ZAMBIA From the story Marco Polo (A.K.A. (Doctor Who and) A Journey to Cathay) (episode 1) The Roof of the World (episode 2) The Singing Sands (episode 3) Five Hundred Eyes (episode 4) The Wall of Lies (episode 5) Rider from Shang-Tu (episode 6) Mighty Kublai Khan (episode 7) Assassin at Peking
From the story The Reign of Terror (episode 4) The Tyrant of France (episode 5) A Bargain of Necessity
From the story The Crusade (sent October, 1966) (episode 2) The Knight of Jaffa (episode 4) The War-Lords (In addition, the surviving print of episode 1 The Lion is damaged)
From the story Galaxy 4 (episode 1) Four Hundred Dawns (episode 2) Trap of Steel (episode 4) The Exploding Planet
From the story The Myth Makers (episode 1) Temple of Secrets (episode 2) Small Prophet Quick Return (episode 3) Death of a Spy (episode 4) Horse of Destruction
From the story The Massacre (episode 1) War of God (episode 2) The Sea Beggar (episode 3) Priest of Death (episode 4) Bell of Doom
From the story The Celestial Toymaker (episode 1) The Celestial Toyroom (episode 2) The Hall of Dolls (episode 3) The Dancing Floor
From the story The Savages Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
From the story The Smugglers Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
From the story The Highlanders Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
From the story The Underwater Menace Part 1 Part 4
From the story The Moonbase (sent March, 1970) Part 1 Part 3
From the story The Macra Terror Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
From the story The Faceless Ones (sent March, 1970) Part 2 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 (In addition, the surviving print of Part 3 is damaged)
From the story The Abominable Snowmen Part 1 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6
From the story The Ice Warriors Part 2 Part 3
From the story The Enemy of the World (sent October, 1974) Part 1 Part 2 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6
From the story The Web of Fear (sent October, 1973) Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6
From the story The Space Pirates Part 1 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6
Can we tell which of theese episodes were the last sales of that story. As they have the best chance of being there.
I agree with you on that point and have tried to learn more about this too.
Unfortunately, that information has not been shared definitively. You can make some guesses based on a list of overseas sales done by Richard Molesworth (available at the RT website).
I asked about this on the RT Forum and Paul Vanezis replied (some time ago) that he was doing research on the 'bicyling' of film prints from one nation to another and would share his findings later, but he hasn't yet.
The most detailed info we have is on the prints sent to New Zealand...
That website states when New Zealand got their prints, which were destroyed, which were sent to Singapore (many of them), which were sent to Africa, which were returned to the UK, and which have an unknown fate (about 39 episodes are in that last category).
Singapore is a likely candidate for the last country in Asia for many episodes. I have the unsettled feeling (based on how people at the RT Forum replied to my question about Singapore) that perhaps all their prints are accounted for as having been destroyed. Their prints seem to have been sent from New Zealand often, so that would mean that the prints that New Zealand had are also gone.
Ethiopia is a likely candidate for the last country in Africa and the world for Season 1 and 2 Hartnell (Marco Polo, Reign of Terror, Crusade).
Africa in general is a good candidate for the place where missing episodes were broadcast last. Countries of interest are Zambia (Seasons 1 - 6), Nigeria (Season 5), Uganda (Season 4), Sierra Leone (Season 3), and Ethiopia (Seasons 1 & 2), and a handful of episodes sent to a few others, but we are not clear on how many separate prints Africa received (maybe just one set!) and where they were sent and in what order. At least, I don't have that info.
Regarding possible finds in Zambia, Paul Vanezis posted negatively about this on Dec 29, 2009 at www.missingepisodes.com ...
Africa Progress 2010 « Result #46 on Dec 29, 2009, 3:02pm » Hi Everyone,
I've decided to start a new thread as the other Africa progress thread was getting rather unweildy.
There has been a lot of interest in the Africa search since the Radio 4 'Archive Hour' documentary and many have been wondering about precisely what has been found.
That's easy to answer; no 'Doctor Who' I'm afraid, but other material has been identified by Philip Morris in a foreign archive and we hope to be in a position to explain what and where it is soon.
The two countries Phil has visited and for which we can say there is no 'Doctor Who' or other BBC material are Zambia and Kenya. Whilst both displayed evidence of BBC material being there in the past, there is certainly nothing there now.
That's all that we can say at the moment, but as countries are visited and eliminated we'll let you know.
Later, he added ...
Re: Africa Progress 2010 « Reply #5 on Dec 30, 2009, 10:05am » Thanks everyone.
The question of National Archives is an interesting one, particularly in the southern states. Rhodesia does though have its own problems and recent historical differences with the BBC, so that will need a long term solution. But the National Archives and TV archives of Zambia have been checked. Kenya doesn't have a national archive of film in any organised state and the material stored there is as I understand it of mainly cultural importance. Like Zambia they disposed of their stock of foreign film material in the 1980's.
But what Phil has been able to do with the help of others is piece together how the films moved around and this has already thrown up quite a few more avenues of investigation.
This is a big team effort; it isn't just me and Phil. I have to thank Jon Preddle, Richard Bignell and Richard Molesworth and most importantly the staff of the BBC's Commercial Rights department for access to some very interesting documents.
Who knows if anything will come of it, but at least by the end of it we'll be able to say with a 90% certainty that there is nothing else out there.
At missing-episodes.com, John Wall posted the following ...
Re: Africa Progress 2011 « Reply #13 Yesterday at 9:54pm » I suppose that there's an extremely faint and remote possibility of another "find" comparable to that in the Library of Congress. However, the big difference would probably be the storage conditions. The Library of Congress is in a rich country which can determine, and implement, optimum archival conditions. Can anybody advise the tolerance of b&w film to storage in uncontrolled conditions in Africa ?
Additionally, and going off at a tangent - is anything known about how these programmes were appreciated, or otherwise, by the audiences ? I can see some of them as being completely outside the viewers frame of reference.
To which Paul Vanezis replied ...
Re: Africa Progress 2011 « Reply #14 Yesterday at 11:35pm »
I can't answer for viewers reaction, but if the other archives in Zambia and Kenya are anything to go by any found film will be in a very poor state.
In one vault in Zambia the smell of vinegar was almost overpowering.